Medicinal plants used for the treatment and prevention of diseases of humans and animals. Medicines that give plants included more than 30% of the world’s medicines.
The roots, stems, buds, leaves of medicinal plants contain biologically active substances: alkaloids, glycosides (bitter and very poisonous substance), essential oils. The medicinal effect is also organic acids, vitamins. volatile. tannins.
Medicinal plants known to man for a very long time. In Ancient Assyria, Egypt, China, India, the herb was used to treat diseases 5 thousand years ago. In Russia about the use of medicinal plants indicates, for example, “Izbornik Grand Prince Svyatoslav Yaroslavovych” (1073). In Russia, grew medicinal herbs for the pharmaceutical kitchen gardens since the beginning of the XVII century
In the CIS there are about 2500 species of medicinal plants. More than 220 species used in medicine and in veterinary medicine.
The majority of medicinal plants growing wild. About 40 species are grown on the fields of farms. Among them, Mentha piperita, Valeriana officinalis, chamomile Dalmatian, rhubarb Tangut. belladonna, Datura Stramonium, sage, aloe, Foxglove and woolly red, marigold (calendula), securinega half-shrub, lobed nightshade, Stefania smooth, sea buckthorn, fennel, etc. Continue reading