How to harvest medicinal plants
Before starting the harvesting of medicinal plants . we must learn to recognize them. Books that contained drawings of plants and their descriptions. Relevant information can be obtained at the pharmacy.
About where and when to collect medicinal plants, there are many beliefs and traditions. Some of them based on centuries-old folk experience and have a rational basis. For example, according to the Lithuanian folk traditions, are encouraged to collect medicinal plants where not hear the cry of the cock, that is away from populated areas.
Indeed, it is not necessary to collect medicinal plants near their houses, in parks and city squares, on roadsides, on agricultural land, subject to the application of pesticides and herbicides. Plants in such places, dusty, dirty. In grasses, growing along the ditches of the highways and the rail road bed is usually elevated concentrations of lead, zinc, sulfur and many microelements, so collect them here. Unfit for these purposes and grasses affected by diseases and pests.
To medicinal raw materials effectively, it is important to observe the timing of its collection.
You should not focus only on the calendar date, materiaaleista usually in the manuals. Often they do not coincide with the optimum for collecting the phases of plant development depending on geographical area, soil and climatic condition-
conditions of terrain, meteorological peculiarities of the season of harvesting and other factors. Therefore more correctly to determine the time of collection of certain plants by the phases of their development. Most herbs, for example, collect at the time of flowering, when the stems, leaves, flowers accumulating the highest number of active ingredients.
And here’s what he wrote Avicenna, in his capital work “Canon of medical science” on the timing of collection of the leaves of medicinal plants: “Leaves of pluck once they fully acquire their characteristic volume and shape and will remain that way for some time, but before they change color and break, and, in any case, before they begin to fall and crumble”.
Gather herbs in dry weather, in the middle of the day or in the morning when the dew dries.
Not less important and exact observance of the drying of raw materials. When it is violation of not only decreasing the content of in herbs medicinal substances, but they can even be completely destroyed.
Herbs since ancient times in Russia was dried “in the wind or in the house on easy spirit, so that from the heat did not zatumanila”, sewed up in canvas, carefully stacked in boxes bast, bast mats were trimmed, “from the grass so the spirit came”. Drying of medicinal plants is recommended in attics, in well ventilated rooms or in special drying apparatus.
Collecting medicinal plants, carefully
treat their natural resources. Around many cities, particularly in the green area of Moscow, the collection of medicinal plants is generally prohibited. Are collected also lekarstvennye herbs growing on the territory of national parks and protected areas. What plants can be collected in this area, you will be told at the pharmacy.
Procuring medicinal plants, cut them with a knife or scissors and not pull the root; the part of plants in the Bush leave untouched to resume; don’t dig up young plants; try to harvest the underground parts of herbs only after the contamination of plants; take breaks in the blanks of raw material in each area (array) to give Bush the ability of self-renewing.