The use of medicinal plants
Medicinal plants in folk medicine used fresh, but most often they are pre-dried. Drying plants helps them to keep and use for example in winter, thereby preserving the therapeutic properties. They are used both internally and externally. The use of medicinal plants most cases, one plant is used, but also mixtures thereof. The beneficial effect of the mixture is due to complex action on the human body chemical component parts of various plants.
Medicinal plants are used in the form of various dosage forms and drugs. In pharmaceutical factories, chemical laboratories and pharmacies from the collected raw produce herbal and chemical drugs.
By natural drugs include extracts, or extracts (aqueous, alcoholic, aqueous-alcoholic, etheric, spartaeinae).
The extracts are extracted from raw materials of active ingredients are in a more concentrated form; the alcoholic tincture, aqueous-alcoholic, etheric, spitefire. In tinctures active ingredients are in a dissolved form. Extracts and tinctures have the smell and taste of the plants from which they are prepared.
Chemicals poluchaut plants by complex chemical processing. They contain active ingredients in a pure form, freed from all kinds of side impurities, including harmful. Chemical medications contain certain types of alkaloids and glycosides, and not mixtures thereof.
The use of medicinal plants in folk medicine widely as external means. For external use use more strong infusions and decoctions of various parts of plants. They usually are applied for washing, bath salts, lotions, compresses. Very often used fresh or dried steamed leaves for painkillers and anti-inflammatory poultices. Medicinal plants compared with other therapeutic agents have their advantages and disadvantages. Positive aspects are their wide prevalence, the availability and high treatment efficiency, especially when using fresh, multilateral action on the human body due to the presence of the same plants several medicinal properties. Many plants have complex curative effect, affecting various body functions. Sometimes due to insufficient knowledge of many plants difficult to identify their main pharmacological properties. Some medicinal plants in folk medicine used in many diseases, but it is not necessary to imagine that they are equally well heal them all. In many cases the plants without curing the disease, yet have a beneficial effect on the human body and in the course of the disease.
To the negative sides of the use of medicinal plants should be given a sharp change in their chemical composition depending on different growing conditions, up to a total loss of their therapeutic properties; rapid loss of medicinal properties in poor drying and poor or overly long storage; slower therapeutic action of many of them in comparison with chemical drugs. A significant disadvantage is the fact that some of plants are poisonous substances harmful active on the human body and cause undesirable effects. It requires great care in application.